Showing posts with label Cancer Stages. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Cancer Stages. Show all posts

Monday, February 13, 2017

Being told that you have prostate cancer can be a frightening experience. When you are told of your condition, it's common to be so overwhelmed that you neglect to ask important questions, only to think of them once you've gotten home. Understanding your illness is often the first step on the road to recovery. Here's what you need to know about your diagnosis and how the cancer is staged:

1.Diagnosing Stages

Once a man has been diagnosed with prostate cancer, his physician will perform one or more additional tests to determine the stage of cancer. These tests may include a digital rectal examination, a blood test, an MRI of the prostate or skeleton, a CT of the pelvis and abdomen, or a surgical procedure to examine lymph nodes. While not all men will need each test, most men will undergo at least one of these tests in order for their physician to better stage the cancer.

2.Stage I

If you are diagnosed with stage I prostate cancer, this means that your cancer is microscopic and only located in the prostate. Your cancer will not be large enough for your doctor to manipulate digitally. Additionally, the cancer will not be able to be detected on any digital imaging of the prostate gland. Stage I cancer of the prostate will be discovered by a needle biopsy or in tissue that is removed during other surgical procedures.

3.Stage II

In stage II prostate cancer, the cancer is still located solely in the prostate. The cancer may be found in one-half or less of one lobe of the prostate, in more than one-half of one lobe or in opposite sides of the prostate gland. As in stage I prostate cancer, stage II cancers cannot be felt during digital rectal exams, nor will the cancer be visible on any type of imaging.

4.Stage III

In stage III prostate cancer, the cancer has spread outside of the prostate to nearby tissues. The prostate specific antigen, or PSA, score can be at any level and the Gleason score will range between two and ten. Your doctor may choose to treat you with external-beam radiation therapy, hormone therapy or suggest you for a clinical trial of new therapies. Alternatively, your doctor may suggest no treatment at all and, instead, adopt a watch and see approach to your cancer.

5.Stage IV

When your prostate cancer has metastasized, or spread, to other areas of your body, you are diagnosed with stage IV cancer. Your cancer may be found in your bones, liver, lungs or lymph nodes. Stage IV prostate cancer, like other cancers that have reached the fourth stage, is considered to be the most serious. Without immediate treatment, this type of cancer will likely prove fatal. Your doctor may prescribe chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy or a radical prostatectomy combined with other therapies.

The better you understand your diagnosis and the stage of prostate cancer that has been discovered, the better equipped you will be to partner with your oncologist to aggressively tackle your disease. If you have been diagnosed with prostate cancer, do not hesitate to approach your doctor with any questions that you may have. Your gained knowledge may just save your life.

Friday, May 24, 2013

What is Cancer

Cancer is medically known as malignant neoplasm and is caused due to uncontrollably division and growth of cells. Cancer can be characterized in more than 100 different types, that includes lung cancer, breast cancer, blood cancer, skin cancer, prostate cancer and many more. Cancer starts harming the body when damaged cells starts dividing uncontrollably to form lumps which are also called tumors. These tumors grow and interfere in various other systems of the body like nervous system, digestive system and releases hormones that changes your body system. Normally cells follow a systematic path to grow, divide and die however when cell stops following the path then that leads to hormonal changes to your body and causes cancer.

Its main causes

To determine the reason of causing cancer can be very difficult. Different type of cancer has a different cause behind it. A few popular cancer are prostate cancer, lung cancer which has spread all across world. The article will be too short to discuss the causes for all types of cancer. For example, Lung cancer causes mainly because of tobacco and smoking which has proved highly injurious for health. Some types of cancer run in certain families, the genes inherit from their parents, but this is a seldom case. In US, Obesity is a major reason of causing cancer. Due to excess body weight, many types of cancer takes place that has led to death in past.

Symptoms

The cancer symptoms depends where the cancer is and how and which part of your body is getting affected with it. The popular symptoms of cancer caused are: fever, extreme tiredness or weight loss. This happens because cells start using the energy supplied from food. Some cancers reflects lumps on breasts or on other parts of body that indicates the cancer for that part. Skin cancer is indicated by moles or spots on skin. Symptoms are visible as the tumor grows. Since the disease consumes most of the body energy, so the person might suffer from fever, anemia, fatigue, excessive weight loss, hair loss etc. There are various other symptoms of cancer that shows other changes in your body part. The active response would be to consult doctor as soon as you feel these changes.

Solution

Cancer treatment depends upon the type of cancer and its criticality which is defined by stage, age, health and other characteristics. There is a series of treatment or a combination of therapies, that the patient has to go through. The therapies are classified as: surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or gene therapy. This is the treatment procedure, however prevention is the first step before treatment. You should always make sure that you follow some basic rules to prevent from cancer. Some of them are: Say no to tobacco, smoking and frequently consuming alcohol,it will save you from mouth cancer, lung cancer etc.

To avoid skin cancer stay in shade, protect yourself from direct sunlight, you can use sunscreen and also take special care of diet. Eat healthy and fresh, drink vegetable and fruit juices.

There are various precautions for all types of cancers. All that we need to do is be cautious and aware about any changes occurring to our body. Discuss the treatment procedure with specialized doctor to overcome at an early stage.