Showing posts with label arthritis. Show all posts
Showing posts with label arthritis. Show all posts

Thursday, May 30, 2013

Osteoarthritis is one of the most common ailments that plague the people who are more than 45 years of age. Usually the women are more prone to suffer from osteoarthritis after they go through the menopause. The osteoarthritis is a joint disorder in which the joints become inflamed because of degeneration of the cartilages. The cartilage is a kind of soft tissue that makes a soft cushion between the two bones of the joint and lubricates the bones so that they can slide over each other during the movement.

When the cartilages wear out due to some reason or the other, the bones rub against each other since there is no lubrication. The friction that is caused due to the rubbing of the bones causes swelling and pain at the joints. The bones try to repair the damages caused and in the process create a new growth on the bone that is known as the osteophytes. This new growth can also cause a lot of discomfort and pain while also limiting the mobility.

There are many signs that warn about the onset of the arthritis like pain, stiffness in the joints, swelling, difficulty in moving the joints etc. and can affect your personal, professional and also the social life unless you get it treated as soon as you realize the symptoms of the same in your body. There are 127 kinds of arthritis amongst which the most common are the Rheumatoid arthritis and the Osteoarthritis.

Some of the reasons why you can suffer from osteoarthritis are obesity, poor muscle strength, muscle wasting, prolonged standing, and internal derangement of the knee etc. Apart from a specialist orthopedic surgeon, only a physiotherapist can assess the main causes of the osteoarthritis and he can also help you in correcting those predisposing factors. If it is properly treated, it can be controlled to a great extent although you might need to take some medication along with home physiotherapy.

In fact physiotherapy is a great and one of the most effective options that does not require any operations. Physiotherapy as an alternative to surgery is effective in relieving the stiffness of the joint and reducing the pain.

Here are some exercises that can help you in getting some relief from the excruciating pain:
  • There are many motion exercises that can help in maintaining the normal movement of the joints and thus relieve the stiffness.
  • The strengthening exercises increase the muscle strength and also provide the necessary support, stability and protection for the joints thus preventing the deformity.
  • The endurance exercises help in maintaining the fitness of the heart and also increases the body strength, controls the body weight and thus improve the various symptoms of the osteoarthritis.
  • Only a home physio would be able to teach you all these exercises.
  • There are host of other exercises like the isometric, isotonic and the isokinetic that can be used for tightening of the muscles, maintaining of the muscle tones and prevention of the muscle tone etc.
  • however these exercises can only be performed depending on the condition of the patient.

Monday, April 29, 2013

What is PRP therapy?

PRP stands for Platelet Rich Plasma. PRP therapy is a developing treatment in an emerging field referred to as Ortho-biologics which is a cutting-edge technology combined with the body's natural ability to heal itself.

Platelets are a natural source of growth factors. They circulate in the blood and are more popular to be involved in the formation of blood clots. But newly examined researches verify that platelets are responsible for almost all repair processes that occur in the body which makes PRP therapy more effective. PRP therapy's natural healing process increases the body's efforts by delivering a higher concentration of platelets to the site of injury as an enhancement to the healing process.

PRP treatment is done by drawing 30 - 60ml of blood from the patient’s arm and placed in a centrifuge that spins the blood at high speeds, which separates the platelets from the other blood components. Then 3-6ml of rich plasma is inserted into the affected area significantly strengthening the body's natural healing signal.

Who can benefit from this treatment?

Whenever traditional treatment was not provided with relief for a tendon or ligament injury PRP can be the best solution. Specifically PRP is more effective with Fractures that have failed to heal, joint cartilage problems, partial tears of tendons, muscles or ligaments, chronic bursitis, avascular necrosis of the bone and as well as disc bulges. This treatment can be applied on the knee, hip, shoulder, ankle, hand, foot, neck and the lower back. This procedure is less aggressive and less expensive than surgery with no any scarring. Any necessity for surgery can be reduced through treating injured tissues before the damage progresses and the condition becomes irreversible.

PRP was also benefitted for patients with severe arthritis in the knee and the hip who were told that they would need a joint replacement surgery. Many of these patients gained 75% of relief through this method of therapy.

However, the following patient will not be a candidate for this treatment.
  • Patients who are active with cancers or infections
  • Patients taking Plavix.
  • Any patient who consistently use NSAIDs
  • In cases where the bone marrow stems cells are to be utilized and a patient had a history of a bone marrow derived type of cancer
The goal of PRP therapy is to resolve pain through healing which has proved to have long-lasting results. Both ultrasound and MRI images have shown tissue repair after the PRP therapy, confirming the healing process of the affected area.

By Nasheeka Brishmela
Email Address: nashisl123@gmail.com

Sunday, April 21, 2013

In a human body, the knee is the largest joint consisting of the lower end of the thighbone called the femur, the upper end of the shinbone or tibia, and the kneecap which is known as patella. The ends where they touch are covered with a smooth substance that protects the bones and enables them to move easily, which is called the articular cartilage. Large ligaments hold the femur and tibia together and are known to give stability, while the long thigh muscles are required for complete knee strength. All remaining surfaces of the knee are covered by a thin lining called the synovial membrane. This membrane releases a fluid that lubricates the cartilage, reducing friction. Healthy knees are vital for most everyday activities.

Knee pain starts when a knee is severely damaged by arthritis or injury. This problem makes it hard for the person suffering to perform simple day to day activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. There are other major causes of incapacitating knee pain that include meniscus tears, cartilage defects, and ligament tears. Debilitating pain from osteoarthritis is mainly a common difficulty in the elderly. To get relief from the pain and to become more active people suffering from knee ailment choose total knee replacement.


Knee replacement or knee arthroplasty, is a procedure which is performed to replace the weight- bearing surfaces of the knee joint. This knee replacement surgery is performed as a partial or a total knee replacement, depending on the amount of pain and affliction of the patient. In this kind of surgery, damaged cartilage and bone from the surface of the knee joint is removed and is replaced by a man- made surface of metal and plastic. On the other hand, a partial knee replacement surgery includes replacement of one part of the knee joint.

Knee replacement surgery was first performed in 1968, and gradually the surgery has become one of the most successful procedures to provide relief in any kind of knee ailment. Whole Knee replacement surgery is commonly performed for osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis. Patients who experience severe deformity from diseases such as advanced rheumatoid arthritis, trauma, or long standing osteoarthritis undergo more complicated type of knee surgery.

This kind of surgery essentially involves extensive postoperative pain, and also includes vigorous physical rehabilitation. In addition, the recovery period is 6 weeks or longer, and also patients might need to use mobility aids such as walkers, canes or crutches. Surgery is recommended for those who have severe knee pain or stiffness that limits a person's overall activities such as walking and climbing stairs.

All in all, you can surely get rid of your years' long ailment by going for best knee replacement surgery.

Author's Bio
Gilbert has been suffering from severe knee pain and was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. His doctor advised him to go for total knee replacement surgery. After the surgery he has experienced a remarkable decrease of knee pain and also seen a significant improvement in the ability to perform common activities.

The information provided in this article is for informational purposes only. It is not to be construed as medical care or medical advice and is not a replacement for medical care given by your physicians or trained medical personnel.

Friday, February 15, 2013

Surely many of us would have attended several sauna sessions to relieve tension and relax muscles. It is very likely that people think that there is only one kind of sauna, which is not correct anymore. Over the years the tradition of sauna baths was evolved to develop several sauna techniques that we know today and a clear example is the infrared saunas.

Principles of Infrared Saunas

In the cabin, the stove is replaced by infrared heaters installed at strategic locations. They act by radiation, like the Sun, but without the emissions of ultraviolet radiations. While traditional sauna heats the air, in infrared sauna 80% of the thermal radiation penetrates deep into the tissue of the skin. An infrared cabin broadcasts heat evenly. By nature, a traditional sauna is characterized by large temperature differences from the floor to the ceiling. The benefits of infrared sauna: Body infrared therapy is being used by physiotherapists worldwide because the healing ability of infrared rays is well known on our body. The mechanism of action of infrared rays is called "resonant absorption". This means that the rays are absorbed by tissues selectively causing their mild improvement. Once this is achieved, further radiations are not absorbed and therefore no prejudice occurs on the system.

Here are a few specific benefits of Infrared Saunas:

Infrared heat causes 3-6 times greater sweat than traditional sauna. Due to the strong perspiration, skin breathes better and blood circulation is improved. Tense muscles get rid of their toxins and soften. Infrared saunas are known to burn fat. With an ambient temperature of around 40 ° C, it is beneficial for cardiovascular system and is more bearable to people sensitive to hot weather.

Proponents of infrared also rely on medical research to highlight its effectiveness against skin diseases like eczema, psoriasis, hives etc. From the economic point of view, infrared cabins sell 10 to 15% cheaper than the classic versions. From the consumption side, the difference is more evident with electric power capped at 3 kW for cabins for family use.

Medical researchers and practitioners from all backgrounds; German, Chinese, Finnish and Japanese have been studying the therapeutic effects of infrared heat. Whether it is the treatment of pain, joint diseases or inflammatory rheumatic, the results are clearly in favor of the infrared.

Installation of Infrared Saunas

The installation of infrared saunas is simple and requires no special electrical installation. The minimum area required is one square meter and an outlet of 220 V. The power consumption of this accessory is very low and it takes between 5 and 10 minutes to heat the place to the desired temperature. The sale of infrared saunas is today an unprecedented phenomenon for a simple reason, the health benefits. Infrared saunas are great ways to burn calories and control weight. In cases of obesity and cellulite, infrared heat is a powerful ally for disposal of fat. The use of infrared saunas increases the heart rate and cardiac output, increases metabolism, reduces diastolic pressure and the body achieves better cardiovascular fitness. The sale of infrared saunas has grown around the world when it revealed its therapeutic effects. The infrared sauna is taken as "the future of sauna" today and its applications are developing dramatically. Healing effects are achieved with traditional sauna also, but not of the order of an infrared sauna.

By Annie Dodson

Thursday, February 14, 2013

Hot tubs are used for both pleasures as well as hydrotherapy purposes. They have shown positive results in the treatment for various chronic diseases like body aches, diabetes, etc. As a result, this is gradually becoming a popular means of therapy. Hot tubs are generally kept outdoors and the principles of sanitation used in swimming pools are used here also.

Stress relief

Most people these days suffer from a lot of stress and anxiety. Various factors including office pressure, academics, family life, etc. are the major reasons for the rampant stress and stress related disorders afflicting modern society. Insomnia is a direct effect of stress. Hot tubs can be effective in relieving stress and tension. The massaging jets are so relaxing that one can fall asleep quite soon. Reports suggest that relaxing in hot tubs for 15 minutes every night can improve sleep.

Muscle relaxation

Hydrotherapy can be useful for treating stressed muscles and nerves. In fact, the hot tub jets massage the body and relieve it from pressure. Because of the property of buoyancy, a relaxing time spent in a hot tub can make one feel much lighter and as a result, the joints are relieved of pain. Arthritis has a potential cure in hydrotherapy because of the reduction in muscle stiffness.

Blood circulation

Bathing in hot tubs can have enormous benefits in improving blood circulation. The high temperature in these tubs is important in opening the blood vessels. This process of vasodilation helps to decrease the blood pressure. Because of the dilated blood vessels, there is an ease of blood flow. This helps to stimulate the nerves of the circulatory system. This acts as a boost to the immune system of the body. However, patients suffering from blood pressure need to consult their doctors before taking to hydrotherapy. Also, alcohol needs to be avoided while switching from hot to cold water.

Help in Diabetes

Recent research has shown bathing in hot tubs can be very useful for patients suffering from type 2 diabetes. Soaking in the hot water for almost 30 minutes a day can be effective in losing weight, reducing blood sugar, and improving sleep cycle in people. For those who are unable to exercise regularly, hot water therapy seems to be a viable alternative. However, diabetic patients need to be cautious while undergoing therapy. As the drop in blood sugar is not clearly visible once inside the water, they must be careful while coming out of the tub. Also, the temperature needs to be controlled so that they do not get burns due to damaged nerves.

Hot tubs have a lot of health benefits. It is because of these benefits that many people are switching to this therapy for alleviating body pains and discomfort.

About the author

Grace Beckett is a blogging enthusiast and likes to write about health and lifestyle. For more information on custom pools Toronto, Ontario, Canada contact a swimming pool specialist at Bonavista Pools.