Showing posts with label cancer screening. Show all posts
Showing posts with label cancer screening. Show all posts

Monday, February 13, 2017

Being told that you have prostate cancer can be a frightening experience. When you are told of your condition, it's common to be so overwhelmed that you neglect to ask important questions, only to think of them once you've gotten home. Understanding your illness is often the first step on the road to recovery. Here's what you need to know about your diagnosis and how the cancer is staged:

1.Diagnosing Stages

Once a man has been diagnosed with prostate cancer, his physician will perform one or more additional tests to determine the stage of cancer. These tests may include a digital rectal examination, a blood test, an MRI of the prostate or skeleton, a CT of the pelvis and abdomen, or a surgical procedure to examine lymph nodes. While not all men will need each test, most men will undergo at least one of these tests in order for their physician to better stage the cancer.

2.Stage I

If you are diagnosed with stage I prostate cancer, this means that your cancer is microscopic and only located in the prostate. Your cancer will not be large enough for your doctor to manipulate digitally. Additionally, the cancer will not be able to be detected on any digital imaging of the prostate gland. Stage I cancer of the prostate will be discovered by a needle biopsy or in tissue that is removed during other surgical procedures.

3.Stage II

In stage II prostate cancer, the cancer is still located solely in the prostate. The cancer may be found in one-half or less of one lobe of the prostate, in more than one-half of one lobe or in opposite sides of the prostate gland. As in stage I prostate cancer, stage II cancers cannot be felt during digital rectal exams, nor will the cancer be visible on any type of imaging.

4.Stage III

In stage III prostate cancer, the cancer has spread outside of the prostate to nearby tissues. The prostate specific antigen, or PSA, score can be at any level and the Gleason score will range between two and ten. Your doctor may choose to treat you with external-beam radiation therapy, hormone therapy or suggest you for a clinical trial of new therapies. Alternatively, your doctor may suggest no treatment at all and, instead, adopt a watch and see approach to your cancer.

5.Stage IV

When your prostate cancer has metastasized, or spread, to other areas of your body, you are diagnosed with stage IV cancer. Your cancer may be found in your bones, liver, lungs or lymph nodes. Stage IV prostate cancer, like other cancers that have reached the fourth stage, is considered to be the most serious. Without immediate treatment, this type of cancer will likely prove fatal. Your doctor may prescribe chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy or a radical prostatectomy combined with other therapies.

The better you understand your diagnosis and the stage of prostate cancer that has been discovered, the better equipped you will be to partner with your oncologist to aggressively tackle your disease. If you have been diagnosed with prostate cancer, do not hesitate to approach your doctor with any questions that you may have. Your gained knowledge may just save your life.

Monday, June 02, 2014

Adipose tissue surrounding the prostate gland of men with obesity, creates favorable conditions for the progression of prostate cancer.

What is the prostate gland
The prostate gland - is musculo-glandular organ located below the bladder and surrounding the initial portion of the urethra. The main function of the prostate is to produce secretions, which is part of semen. Ducts of the prostate glands open into the urethra.

Prostate cancer
In the early stages of prostate cancer does not manifest itself. Complaints are associated with tumor spread and metastasis. At the stage the only manifestation of the lack of symptoms, allowing the disease to suspect, is to increase blood levels of prostate specific antigen (PSA). As prevention of prostate cancer for all men should conduct an annual PSA test beginning at age 45.

By increasing the size of the tumor shows the following symptoms:
  • Frequent urination
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Urinary incontinence
  • urge to urinate.
The essence of the study

Scientists have received samples of adipose tissue surrounding the prostate gland in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostate cancer and prostate cancer. Regardless of prostate disease in men with obesity , there is increased activity of genes in fat cells. These genes encode proteins involved in the immune response, inflammation, growth, reproduction, and cell death.

Increase in the activity of genes leads to inhibition of the immune response and stimulates the formation of new blood vessels, which creates favorable conditions for the progression of prostate cancer. The study's authors hope that the findings will more carefully selected treatments for patients with obesity.

Friday, September 06, 2013

There are a number of features common to all types of cancer. Doctors are advised to pay particular attention to these symptoms to detect cancer in its early stages of development and has successfully overcome it.

1. Pain in certain parts of the body. In the initial stage it just might be a state of discomfort.

2. Rapid weight loss. Cancerous tumors disrupt the metabolic processes in the body, and there is a loss of weight in a month or two.

3. A feeling of weakness. Cancer produces intoxication.

4. The high temperature. Violates human tumor immunity, and he reacts to it.

5. Changing kind of skin and hair. Cancer violates the metabolism and it shows in a person's appearance.

Friday, May 24, 2013

What is Cancer

Cancer is medically known as malignant neoplasm and is caused due to uncontrollably division and growth of cells. Cancer can be characterized in more than 100 different types, that includes lung cancer, breast cancer, blood cancer, skin cancer, prostate cancer and many more. Cancer starts harming the body when damaged cells starts dividing uncontrollably to form lumps which are also called tumors. These tumors grow and interfere in various other systems of the body like nervous system, digestive system and releases hormones that changes your body system. Normally cells follow a systematic path to grow, divide and die however when cell stops following the path then that leads to hormonal changes to your body and causes cancer.

Its main causes

To determine the reason of causing cancer can be very difficult. Different type of cancer has a different cause behind it. A few popular cancer are prostate cancer, lung cancer which has spread all across world. The article will be too short to discuss the causes for all types of cancer. For example, Lung cancer causes mainly because of tobacco and smoking which has proved highly injurious for health. Some types of cancer run in certain families, the genes inherit from their parents, but this is a seldom case. In US, Obesity is a major reason of causing cancer. Due to excess body weight, many types of cancer takes place that has led to death in past.

Symptoms

The cancer symptoms depends where the cancer is and how and which part of your body is getting affected with it. The popular symptoms of cancer caused are: fever, extreme tiredness or weight loss. This happens because cells start using the energy supplied from food. Some cancers reflects lumps on breasts or on other parts of body that indicates the cancer for that part. Skin cancer is indicated by moles or spots on skin. Symptoms are visible as the tumor grows. Since the disease consumes most of the body energy, so the person might suffer from fever, anemia, fatigue, excessive weight loss, hair loss etc. There are various other symptoms of cancer that shows other changes in your body part. The active response would be to consult doctor as soon as you feel these changes.

Solution

Cancer treatment depends upon the type of cancer and its criticality which is defined by stage, age, health and other characteristics. There is a series of treatment or a combination of therapies, that the patient has to go through. The therapies are classified as: surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or gene therapy. This is the treatment procedure, however prevention is the first step before treatment. You should always make sure that you follow some basic rules to prevent from cancer. Some of them are: Say no to tobacco, smoking and frequently consuming alcohol,it will save you from mouth cancer, lung cancer etc.

To avoid skin cancer stay in shade, protect yourself from direct sunlight, you can use sunscreen and also take special care of diet. Eat healthy and fresh, drink vegetable and fruit juices.

There are various precautions for all types of cancers. All that we need to do is be cautious and aware about any changes occurring to our body. Discuss the treatment procedure with specialized doctor to overcome at an early stage.

Tuesday, May 14, 2013

Diet and other lifestyle factors can have a significant impact on your risk of developing cancer. By getting enough exercise and eating a healthy diet full of fresh fruits, veggies and other whole, natural foods, you can lower your risk of developing all types of cancers.

Sometimes, simply knowing which foods to avoid can also help you to lower your risk, as certain ingredients have been shown to have a strong link to the development of cancer. Here are several ingredients that could be in your diet right now that could be increasing your risk of cancer:

Aspartame

Aspartame is one of the most commonly used artificial sweeteners, and much research has suggested that it can increase your risk of cancer. Research on the issue has been debated, as some feel that the evidence is not conclusive or that it only shows a correlation when very high amounts are used. However, it may be better to be safe than sorry and to avoid this artificial sweetener, which is found in everything from diet sodas to yogurt to ice cream. It is also sold under the brand names NutraSweet and Equal.

Nitrates

Nitrates are what are added to hot dogs, bacon and other processed meats (such as salami and deli meat) to preserve the meat and keep the color fresh. Sodium nitrates (the kind added to meats) are converted into nitrosamine in the body, which is a known carcinogen (cancer-causing agent). You can also find nitrosamines in fried and smoked foods.

Pesticides

Pesticides are commonly used on all kinds of fruit and produce in order to keep them free of bugs during the growing process. Unfortunately, many of these pesticides are carcinogenic. It is best to stick with organic produce that has not been sprayed with these dangerous chemicals. If you can't buy organic for all your produce, just focus on organic for the "dirty dozen", which are the produce that are sprayed with the most pesticides.

Hydrogenated Oils

Hydrogenated oils are regular vegetable oils that have been heated in the presence of hydrogen, which helps to prolong their shelf life but also creates carcinogenic trans fats. Hydrogenated oils are found in everything from fried foods to breads to cakes and cookies. Look for hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated oils on the package and avoid these foods.

Acrylamides

Acrylamides are created when foods are fried, forming when starchy foods are exposed to very high heats. Studies have shown that acrylamides can increase the risk of several types of cancer. It's best to avoid fried foods and stick to their healthy baked counterparts and avoid these dangerous chemicals altogether.

While genetic predisposition is a big risk factor for cancer, your diet and lifestyle choices also have a big impact. It is important to learn about the harmful substances that could be in your foods and increasing your risk. Of course, choosing a whole-foods diet that is full of plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables is also one of the best ways to ensure that you are eating a healthy diet that will reduce your risk of cancer and many other diseases.