Showing posts with label cancerous. Show all posts
Showing posts with label cancerous. Show all posts

Monday, February 13, 2017

Being told that you have prostate cancer can be a frightening experience. When you are told of your condition, it's common to be so overwhelmed that you neglect to ask important questions, only to think of them once you've gotten home. Understanding your illness is often the first step on the road to recovery. Here's what you need to know about your diagnosis and how the cancer is staged:

1.Diagnosing Stages

Once a man has been diagnosed with prostate cancer, his physician will perform one or more additional tests to determine the stage of cancer. These tests may include a digital rectal examination, a blood test, an MRI of the prostate or skeleton, a CT of the pelvis and abdomen, or a surgical procedure to examine lymph nodes. While not all men will need each test, most men will undergo at least one of these tests in order for their physician to better stage the cancer.

2.Stage I

If you are diagnosed with stage I prostate cancer, this means that your cancer is microscopic and only located in the prostate. Your cancer will not be large enough for your doctor to manipulate digitally. Additionally, the cancer will not be able to be detected on any digital imaging of the prostate gland. Stage I cancer of the prostate will be discovered by a needle biopsy or in tissue that is removed during other surgical procedures.

3.Stage II

In stage II prostate cancer, the cancer is still located solely in the prostate. The cancer may be found in one-half or less of one lobe of the prostate, in more than one-half of one lobe or in opposite sides of the prostate gland. As in stage I prostate cancer, stage II cancers cannot be felt during digital rectal exams, nor will the cancer be visible on any type of imaging.

4.Stage III

In stage III prostate cancer, the cancer has spread outside of the prostate to nearby tissues. The prostate specific antigen, or PSA, score can be at any level and the Gleason score will range between two and ten. Your doctor may choose to treat you with external-beam radiation therapy, hormone therapy or suggest you for a clinical trial of new therapies. Alternatively, your doctor may suggest no treatment at all and, instead, adopt a watch and see approach to your cancer.

5.Stage IV

When your prostate cancer has metastasized, or spread, to other areas of your body, you are diagnosed with stage IV cancer. Your cancer may be found in your bones, liver, lungs or lymph nodes. Stage IV prostate cancer, like other cancers that have reached the fourth stage, is considered to be the most serious. Without immediate treatment, this type of cancer will likely prove fatal. Your doctor may prescribe chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy or a radical prostatectomy combined with other therapies.

The better you understand your diagnosis and the stage of prostate cancer that has been discovered, the better equipped you will be to partner with your oncologist to aggressively tackle your disease. If you have been diagnosed with prostate cancer, do not hesitate to approach your doctor with any questions that you may have. Your gained knowledge may just save your life.

Monday, June 02, 2014

Adipose tissue surrounding the prostate gland of men with obesity, creates favorable conditions for the progression of prostate cancer.

What is the prostate gland
The prostate gland - is musculo-glandular organ located below the bladder and surrounding the initial portion of the urethra. The main function of the prostate is to produce secretions, which is part of semen. Ducts of the prostate glands open into the urethra.

Prostate cancer
In the early stages of prostate cancer does not manifest itself. Complaints are associated with tumor spread and metastasis. At the stage the only manifestation of the lack of symptoms, allowing the disease to suspect, is to increase blood levels of prostate specific antigen (PSA). As prevention of prostate cancer for all men should conduct an annual PSA test beginning at age 45.

By increasing the size of the tumor shows the following symptoms:
  • Frequent urination
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Urinary incontinence
  • urge to urinate.
The essence of the study

Scientists have received samples of adipose tissue surrounding the prostate gland in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostate cancer and prostate cancer. Regardless of prostate disease in men with obesity , there is increased activity of genes in fat cells. These genes encode proteins involved in the immune response, inflammation, growth, reproduction, and cell death.

Increase in the activity of genes leads to inhibition of the immune response and stimulates the formation of new blood vessels, which creates favorable conditions for the progression of prostate cancer. The study's authors hope that the findings will more carefully selected treatments for patients with obesity.

Saturday, May 24, 2014

In the initial stages, the breast cancer has no obvious symptoms and it vary in individuals from lumps to swelling and changes in the skin.

A lump too small which is felt does not cause any unusual changes and it is unnoticed.

However, in many cases appearance of new lump or a mass is the first sign noticed. The lump may be hard to touch with uneven edges and they are painless.

But there are cases the lump is very tender, round edged and soft. More lumps are painless.

Breast Cancer Symptoms are:
Swelling of part of the breast or all parts
Skin irritation in the breast.
Nipple pain,
Nipple begins to turn inward (inverted) slowly
Breast pain.


Appearances of changes in the nipple like redness, scaly formation,
thickening of the nipple.
A nipple discharge (bloody or clear fluid)
Changes in the skin of the breast like thickening.
Arm pit with lymph nodes or a mass or lump

It is essential to note that these symptoms always an indication for a breast cancer. But in some cases the above symptoms may be a symptom of non-cancerous conditions like in an infectious cyst.

In the early stages of the breast cancer, the cancerous tissue formation is hidden inside the tissues and it is always not possible to see the cancer by naked eyes. The changes happen in the breast may not be always cancer. A lump may come by an infection and it may disappear. The changes in the skin surface of the breast may be due to sunburn. A rash may be by an allergy. But all these symptoms to be decided for a benign or malignant type of growth.

Tuesday, May 14, 2013

Diet and other lifestyle factors can have a significant impact on your risk of developing cancer. By getting enough exercise and eating a healthy diet full of fresh fruits, veggies and other whole, natural foods, you can lower your risk of developing all types of cancers.

Sometimes, simply knowing which foods to avoid can also help you to lower your risk, as certain ingredients have been shown to have a strong link to the development of cancer. Here are several ingredients that could be in your diet right now that could be increasing your risk of cancer:

Aspartame

Aspartame is one of the most commonly used artificial sweeteners, and much research has suggested that it can increase your risk of cancer. Research on the issue has been debated, as some feel that the evidence is not conclusive or that it only shows a correlation when very high amounts are used. However, it may be better to be safe than sorry and to avoid this artificial sweetener, which is found in everything from diet sodas to yogurt to ice cream. It is also sold under the brand names NutraSweet and Equal.

Nitrates

Nitrates are what are added to hot dogs, bacon and other processed meats (such as salami and deli meat) to preserve the meat and keep the color fresh. Sodium nitrates (the kind added to meats) are converted into nitrosamine in the body, which is a known carcinogen (cancer-causing agent). You can also find nitrosamines in fried and smoked foods.

Pesticides

Pesticides are commonly used on all kinds of fruit and produce in order to keep them free of bugs during the growing process. Unfortunately, many of these pesticides are carcinogenic. It is best to stick with organic produce that has not been sprayed with these dangerous chemicals. If you can't buy organic for all your produce, just focus on organic for the "dirty dozen", which are the produce that are sprayed with the most pesticides.

Hydrogenated Oils

Hydrogenated oils are regular vegetable oils that have been heated in the presence of hydrogen, which helps to prolong their shelf life but also creates carcinogenic trans fats. Hydrogenated oils are found in everything from fried foods to breads to cakes and cookies. Look for hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated oils on the package and avoid these foods.

Acrylamides

Acrylamides are created when foods are fried, forming when starchy foods are exposed to very high heats. Studies have shown that acrylamides can increase the risk of several types of cancer. It's best to avoid fried foods and stick to their healthy baked counterparts and avoid these dangerous chemicals altogether.

While genetic predisposition is a big risk factor for cancer, your diet and lifestyle choices also have a big impact. It is important to learn about the harmful substances that could be in your foods and increasing your risk. Of course, choosing a whole-foods diet that is full of plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables is also one of the best ways to ensure that you are eating a healthy diet that will reduce your risk of cancer and many other diseases.

Monday, December 31, 2012

Colon cancer could be a common malignance of alimentary canal system and has nice threaten to our health. In early stage, carcinoma has no obvious symptoms or simply has the symptoms before lesion cancerous amendment, whereas as time goes by, a series of symptoms and physical signs would seem.

(1) Abdominal pain and symptoms of organic process tracts: the overwhelming majority of carcinoma patients have totally different degree of abdominal pain or abdominal discomforts, like abdominal hidden pain, left aspect abdominal distention, nausea, vomiting, loss of craving so on. once food feeding, the symptoms could exasperate and generally could company with intervallic diarrhoea or constipation, that square measure simply confused with the common diseases of right lower quadrant, like chronic rubor, ileocecal infectious disease, ileocecal junction segmental rubor or malignant neoplastic disease. it's typically believed that the symptoms of rightward abdomen carcinoma manifest as pain within the half higher than navel; whereas symptoms of leftward abdomen carcinoma manifest as pain within the half underneath t navel. If cancer tumour penetrates internal organ wall, it's going to cause native inflammatory adhesion or native symptom once the formation of chronic perforation. the placement of pain is simply the place wherever tumour localizes.

(2) Abdominal mass: it's sometimes irregular and in exhausting texture; its surfaces manifest nodosity; throughout early stage of colon cancer and colon cancer, abdomen mass encompasses a bound activity and should cause pain even press it slightly.

(3) Changes of movement and stool shape: this is often attributable to ulceration or infection caused by tumour sphacelus. as a result of poisonous substance stimulates colon to vary gut evacuation habit: increase or cut back the numbers for gut evacuation; alternate prevalence of diarrhoea and constipation, or prevalence of abdominal intestinal colic before gut evacuation and at that time, it might alleviate. If the position of tumour is underneath or simply localizes body part, then some body part irritation could seem, like porta bearing-down pain, troublesome laxation. Dejecture usually manifests as shapeless like pasty, and is mixed with mucous secretion and bloody pus. Sometimes, great deal of blood content could mislead the diagnosing as infectious disease, enteritis, hurt of haemorrhoid so on.

(4)Anaemia and absorption of chronic toxins: once the surface of tumour sphacelus seems ulceration, the colon could suffer from unceasingly capillary hemorrhage. Blood being mixed with dejecture could fail to catch the eye of carcinoma patients. However, anaemia, emaciation, weakness or weight loss is also caused attributable to chronic blood loss, poisonous substance absorption or deficiency disease. Advanced stage carcinoma patients could suffer from lump, megalohepatia, ascites, symptom, cachexy so on. If tumour penetrates abdomen or bladder or different organ and cause internal fistula, then similar symptoms shall be conjointly caused.