Showing posts with label symptoms. Show all posts
Showing posts with label symptoms. Show all posts

Monday, February 13, 2017

Being told that you have prostate cancer can be a frightening experience. When you are told of your condition, it's common to be so overwhelmed that you neglect to ask important questions, only to think of them once you've gotten home. Understanding your illness is often the first step on the road to recovery. Here's what you need to know about your diagnosis and how the cancer is staged:

1.Diagnosing Stages

Once a man has been diagnosed with prostate cancer, his physician will perform one or more additional tests to determine the stage of cancer. These tests may include a digital rectal examination, a blood test, an MRI of the prostate or skeleton, a CT of the pelvis and abdomen, or a surgical procedure to examine lymph nodes. While not all men will need each test, most men will undergo at least one of these tests in order for their physician to better stage the cancer.

2.Stage I

If you are diagnosed with stage I prostate cancer, this means that your cancer is microscopic and only located in the prostate. Your cancer will not be large enough for your doctor to manipulate digitally. Additionally, the cancer will not be able to be detected on any digital imaging of the prostate gland. Stage I cancer of the prostate will be discovered by a needle biopsy or in tissue that is removed during other surgical procedures.

3.Stage II

In stage II prostate cancer, the cancer is still located solely in the prostate. The cancer may be found in one-half or less of one lobe of the prostate, in more than one-half of one lobe or in opposite sides of the prostate gland. As in stage I prostate cancer, stage II cancers cannot be felt during digital rectal exams, nor will the cancer be visible on any type of imaging.

4.Stage III

In stage III prostate cancer, the cancer has spread outside of the prostate to nearby tissues. The prostate specific antigen, or PSA, score can be at any level and the Gleason score will range between two and ten. Your doctor may choose to treat you with external-beam radiation therapy, hormone therapy or suggest you for a clinical trial of new therapies. Alternatively, your doctor may suggest no treatment at all and, instead, adopt a watch and see approach to your cancer.

5.Stage IV

When your prostate cancer has metastasized, or spread, to other areas of your body, you are diagnosed with stage IV cancer. Your cancer may be found in your bones, liver, lungs or lymph nodes. Stage IV prostate cancer, like other cancers that have reached the fourth stage, is considered to be the most serious. Without immediate treatment, this type of cancer will likely prove fatal. Your doctor may prescribe chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy or a radical prostatectomy combined with other therapies.

The better you understand your diagnosis and the stage of prostate cancer that has been discovered, the better equipped you will be to partner with your oncologist to aggressively tackle your disease. If you have been diagnosed with prostate cancer, do not hesitate to approach your doctor with any questions that you may have. Your gained knowledge may just save your life.

Monday, March 16, 2015

In a world of almost 10% of people suffer from asthma .The prevalence of the disease among the adult population is 5-7%, and 10% among children.

Today, doctors are faced with the problem of late detection of the disease, diagnosis is delayed by an average of 3-5 years. Often people do not pay attention to the first symptoms of asthma, and learn about its presence when develop severe forms of the disease.

"Asthma can occur at any age. But more often it is diagnosed in children. And boys disease recorded in 2 times more often than girls. However, by 20-30 years in the sex ratio in this disease aligned "- says allergist.

Occurrence of asthma to such factors as genetic predisposition, exposure to different allergens, viral and bacterial infections, adverse environment, poor nutrition, bad habits. All this has a negative effect on the immune system and the body becomes helpless against various diseases, including asthma before. Physicians are advised to pay attention to the complicated attacks and wheezing, cough , it may be the first signs of asthma. In such cases, the need to consult an allergist. Doctors also remind that cure the disease in the early stages is much lighter than its chronic form.

Sunday, August 17, 2014

Viral diseases are the most commonly known complications that affect the human lungs. Before its entry into the lung, viruses are known to cause infections in the upper respiratory part. Some of the common infections caused by the virus include Pneumonia, Bronchiolitis, and Interstitial Lung Disease. The later emerged viral infections have more potency to cause larger outbreaks of severe respiratory diseases. The infections usually occur during the winter and the viral often spreads via transmission process due to sneezing and coughing.

Bronchiolitis is a kind of inflammation attacking the membrane linings in the bronchioles. Various viruses like respiratory syncytial virus, influenza, or flu virus are involved for carrying out this kind of inflammation. This type of disorder is generally seen in young children and infants. Congesting nose is the starting associated symptoms that can further proceed to affect the lungs and cause symptoms of bronchiolitis. The symptoms linked to this disorder is felt in the form of croaky cough, breathing rapidly, wheezing, low levels of oxygen in the blood stream, retractions, and hypoaxia. The complication of illness with this disorder will last for one to two days, and in severe cases the extending period could be up to 14 days.

Pneumonia is yet another serious ailment included in the same category of viral infection and is triggered by infectious virus. This is linked to the abnormal inflammation disorder of the lung. However, infections in the lung can creep up due to innumerous reasons including fungi or parasites, bacterial infections, chemical or physical injury to the lungs and many more. However, viral infection has a great impact on the lungs and comes on the top list. Viral pneumonia is milder when compared to the bacterial infection. The symptoms attached with it include cough accompanying phlegm, chills and fevers. It also shows the symptoms through breathing shortness, rapid breathing, pleurisy, retractions, fatigue and muscle aches.

Viral Pneumonia along with the bacteria will take the problem further making it even more severe. This ultimately proceeds further to bring about the accumulation of fluids that could be hazardous. The accumulated fluid should be drained out through the means of surgery. We all know that pneumonia is a leading cause of death in children under the age of five. The blood in the sputum or discoloration is seen with the sufferers of pneumonia. Chest pain is another syndrome observed in patients with the attack of pneumonia. The other associated signals with it include headache, muscle pain, worsening cough, and many more.

Interstitial lung disease is known to attack interstitium area of the lungs. It is associated with the burning sensations taking place in the supportive tissues amidst of air sacs. The kind of complication leads to scarring process of the tissues thereby greatly affecting the supply of oxygen into the blood.

This is a guest post by irvine lampson (consultant physician and health expert) for genericpillmart.com.

Monday, June 02, 2014

Adipose tissue surrounding the prostate gland of men with obesity, creates favorable conditions for the progression of prostate cancer.

What is the prostate gland
The prostate gland - is musculo-glandular organ located below the bladder and surrounding the initial portion of the urethra. The main function of the prostate is to produce secretions, which is part of semen. Ducts of the prostate glands open into the urethra.

Prostate cancer
In the early stages of prostate cancer does not manifest itself. Complaints are associated with tumor spread and metastasis. At the stage the only manifestation of the lack of symptoms, allowing the disease to suspect, is to increase blood levels of prostate specific antigen (PSA). As prevention of prostate cancer for all men should conduct an annual PSA test beginning at age 45.

By increasing the size of the tumor shows the following symptoms:
  • Frequent urination
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Urinary incontinence
  • urge to urinate.
The essence of the study

Scientists have received samples of adipose tissue surrounding the prostate gland in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostate cancer and prostate cancer. Regardless of prostate disease in men with obesity , there is increased activity of genes in fat cells. These genes encode proteins involved in the immune response, inflammation, growth, reproduction, and cell death.

Increase in the activity of genes leads to inhibition of the immune response and stimulates the formation of new blood vessels, which creates favorable conditions for the progression of prostate cancer. The study's authors hope that the findings will more carefully selected treatments for patients with obesity.

Saturday, May 24, 2014

In the initial stages, the breast cancer has no obvious symptoms and it vary in individuals from lumps to swelling and changes in the skin.

A lump too small which is felt does not cause any unusual changes and it is unnoticed.

However, in many cases appearance of new lump or a mass is the first sign noticed. The lump may be hard to touch with uneven edges and they are painless.

But there are cases the lump is very tender, round edged and soft. More lumps are painless.

Breast Cancer Symptoms are:
Swelling of part of the breast or all parts
Skin irritation in the breast.
Nipple pain,
Nipple begins to turn inward (inverted) slowly
Breast pain.


Appearances of changes in the nipple like redness, scaly formation,
thickening of the nipple.
A nipple discharge (bloody or clear fluid)
Changes in the skin of the breast like thickening.
Arm pit with lymph nodes or a mass or lump

It is essential to note that these symptoms always an indication for a breast cancer. But in some cases the above symptoms may be a symptom of non-cancerous conditions like in an infectious cyst.

In the early stages of the breast cancer, the cancerous tissue formation is hidden inside the tissues and it is always not possible to see the cancer by naked eyes. The changes happen in the breast may not be always cancer. A lump may come by an infection and it may disappear. The changes in the skin surface of the breast may be due to sunburn. A rash may be by an allergy. But all these symptoms to be decided for a benign or malignant type of growth.